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邓锡军大使发表署名文章——《<区域全面经济伙伴关系协定>:中方坚定支持东盟加强区域合作中心地位》

11月20日,印尼《雅加达邮报》发表中国驻东盟大使邓锡军署名文章《<区域全面经济伙伴关系协定>:中方坚定支持东盟加强区域合作中心地位》。文章中文内容如下:




11月15日,《区域全面经济伙伴关系协定》(RCEP)15国领导人通过视频方式举行了RCEP第四次领导人会议,并随后出席见证了RCEP线上签署仪式。会议发表了《RCEP领导人联合声明》,各国领导人均盛赞RCEP的签署。李克强总理指出,RCEP签署是是东亚区域合作极具标志性意义的成果,更是多边主义和自由贸易的胜利,必将为促进地区的发展繁荣增添新动能,为世界经济实现恢复性增长贡献新力量。它让人们在阴霾中看到光明和希望,表明多边主义和自由贸易是大道、正道,代表着世界经济和人类前进的正确方向。


RCEP协定的签署是今年东亚合作领导人系列会议最重要、最受瞩目、最激动人心的成果之一。历经八年艰苦密集谈判,协定最终在本次领导人会议期间签署,可以说是披荆斩棘、艰难玉成。在全球经济下行压力加大、单边主义和保护主义蔓延的不利环境下,我们高兴地看到,2019年11月,RCEP谈判整体结束,领导人确立了于2020年签署协定的目标。签署前的工作任务依然十分艰巨,包括协定全部文本的法律审核和遗留的双边问题等。新冠肺炎疫情的暴发,给RCEP工作带来很大困难和挑战。但是,疫情并没有动摇各方完成RCEP的信心和决心,反而让各方更加深刻认识到RCEP对于推动地区经济复苏、加强团结互利合作的巨大作用和伟大意义,增强了推动RCEP如期签署的紧迫感。RCEP 15方勠力同心,在今年通过视频会议的形式大力推进谈判和法律审核工作,相向而行、弥合分歧,最终成功解决了所有遗留问题,确保了协定的如期签署。


为什么RCEP如此受瞩目呢?首先就在于它是全球最大的自贸协定。RCEP 15方涵盖了拥有22亿人口(占全球将近30%)的市场、26.2万亿美元GDP(占全球约30%)和将近28%的全球贸易,对于世界经济和全球经贸规则的影响都是举足轻重、无与伦比的。其次,RCEP成员包括发达国家、发展中国家,还有最不发达国家,各方经济发展水平迥异,文化背景、政治体制都不一样,如此多样化的国家能够走到一起,彰显了自由贸易和互利合作的强大魅力。


RCEP协定是一个现代、全面、高水平和互惠的协定。协定由20个章节组成,加上附件及市场准入承诺减让表超过14000页,是一份沉甸甸的协定。它涵盖了此前东盟与RCEP非东盟国家之间自贸协定所未涉及的领域和纪律。除涉及货物和服务贸易以及投资的自由化承诺和具体条款外,还包括知识产权、电子商务、竞争、中小企业、经济与技术合作和政府采购等新领域的章节。这些将为域内企业带来巨大商机,实现区域内商品、服务、人员等顺畅流动,形成统一的区域经贸规则,提升区域整体营商环境,降低企业贸易和经营成本,促进区域内资源的优化配置、产业的合理布局。同时,有利于为各国人民提供更加丰富、优质、实惠的商品和服务,提升民众的获得感和幸福感。


我认为,RCEP的成功签署,标志着我们向这一亚太地区的主要经贸框架又迈出重大一步,是多边主义和自由贸易的一次重大胜利,对疫情新常态下的地区和全球经济复苏是重大利好。签署本身就给地区和全球经济复苏注入了强心剂,在全球范围内树立了榜样,向世界传递了一个强有力信息:抗击疫情、推动复苏必须坚持和依靠国际合作。等到RCEP实施之后,其红利就会更加明显且源源不断地释放出来。RCEP协定将促进亚太区域贸易投资增长和区域经济一体化,加强区域产业链、供应链稳定和互联互通,增加就业,拉动各方经济增长,展现本区域对开放、包容、基于规则的多边贸易体制的支持,提振全球经贸信心,为推动区域和全球经济复苏和发展发挥重要作用。


RCEP是由东盟提出的最具雄心的自由贸易协定,它增强了东盟在区域框架中的中心地位,并促进了东盟与中国等区域伙伴的合作。中方赞赏并感谢东盟在推进RCEP进程中的卓越领导力与巨大辛勤付出。在RCEP之前,东盟与其他5方都已建立了10+1自贸区;为了实现更大程度区域经济一体化的目标,东盟高瞻远瞩,提出了商谈建立RCEP的倡议。过去八年来,东盟方保持了领导者的担当,积极推动谈判进程,大力协调各方立场,确保谈判势头始终不减;东盟秘书处也在会议筹备、文件准备方面给予了出色保障。正是由于东盟的中心作用和巨大努力,才能让这么多国家克服在政治、经济、发展水平、历史传统文化的多样性,最终达成协定。如果没有东盟的领导作用,这个协定是无法达成的。


中国在RCEP进程中始终坚持和维护东盟中心地位,予以东盟强力支持,并一直发挥积极和建设性作用。习近平主席在中国国际进口博览会开幕式等多个重要场合,多次呼吁各方尽早达成RCEP协定,并就RCEP多次与相关国家领导人深入交流意见。李克强总理连续四年出席RCEP领导人会议,阐述中方对推动早日达成RCEP协定的主张和看法。中方参加了所有的部级谈判、技术谈判,主办了部分部长会和技术谈判,始终以“促谈、促合、促成”的精神积极做出贡献。中方在今年上半年就完成了涉及中方的所有实质性谈判,在成员中走在前列,为RCEP如期签署奠定了坚实基础。


RCEP所带来的机遇和潜力的充分发挥只有在协定生效后方可实现。因此,各方接下来的首要任务是确保协定早日生效。下一步,各方将履行国内批准程序,协定将在至少6个东盟成员国和3个非东盟签署国完成国内手续后生效。中方将积极履行国内程序,会同各方推动协定早日生效。


领导人在联合声明中表示,RCEP是一个开放和包容的协定,高度重视作为创始成员国之一的印度在RCEP中的作用,认识到印度对于构建更深、更广的区域价值链具有重要战略意义,重申RCEP对印度保持开放,将欢迎其加入协定。


未来,随着RCEP潜力不断释放,可能会吸引更多国家参与,我认为这有利于实现更大范围的贸易投资自由化便利化。我也期待RCEP作为亚太自贸区的主要实现路径,为亚太自贸区的最终建成做出重要贡献。


附:《<区域全面经济伙伴关系协定>:中方坚定支持东盟加强区域合作中心地位》英文


RCEP: Historic milestone for ASEAN centrality

By Deng Xijun, Ambassador of the People Republic of China to ASEAN

On November 15, Leaders of the 15 participating countries in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) held the fourth RCEP Summit via video conference. The Leaders subsequently attended and witnessed the online signing ceremony of the RCEP agreement. The Summit issued a Joint Leaders' Statement on RCEP with all Leaders highly praising the signing of the historic pact.

As Chinese Premier of the State Council Li Keqiang pointed out, the signing of RCEP represents not only a landmark achievement of East Asia regional cooperation, but also a victory of multilateralism and free trade. The signing offers a ray of light and hope to people facing the gloomy international landscape and shows that multilateralism and free trade is the right way forward for the world economy and human civilization. The agreement will definitely inject new energy into promoting regional development and prosperity, and emerge as a fresh force for restoring global economic growth. The signing of the RCEP Agreement is one of the most significant, most awaited and most exciting outcomes of the ASEAN Summit and Related Meetings this year. It went through eight years of arduous and intensive negotiations, overcame all the difficulties and was finally signed during this summit. In November 2019, against the backdrop of mounting downward pressure on the global economy and the spread of unilateralism and protectionism, we were pleased to see that the RCEP negotiations were concluded in general. The tasks before the signing were still considerable, including legal scrubbing of the full text and remaining bilateral market access negotiations.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has certainly posed new difficulties and challenges to this work. However, the pandemic has not shaken the confidence and determination of all the 15 parties to complete the RCEP. Instead, it has made all parties more aware of the great impetus and significance of RCEP for promoting regional economic recovery and mutually beneficial cooperation, and has raised the sense of urgency for the timely signing of RCEP. The RCEP participating countries acted with solidarity and worked hard to advance remaining job via video conference this year. At the end, all remaining issues had been resolved successfully, which secured the signing of RCEP as scheduled.

Why is RCEP so significant and unprecedented? First, it is the largest free trade agreement in the world, with a market of 2.2 billion people (almost 30% of the world’s population), a combined GDP of US$ 26.2 trillion (about 30% of global GDP) and  nearly 28% of global trade. This means RCEP has huge and incomparable impact on the world economy and global trading rules compared to other FTAs. Second, RCEP comprises a diverse mix of developed, developing and least developed economies. The countries bear various development levels, cultural backgrounds and political systems, etc. The fact that such variety of countries could unite and reach a pact, demonstrates the tremendous appeal of free trade and win-win cooperation.  

The RCEP agreement is a modern, comprehensive, high-quality and mutually beneficial agreement. It contains 20 chapters, and is up to over 14,000 pages with the annexes and market access schedules. It includes areas and disciplines that were not previously covered in the existing free trade agreements between ASEAN and non-ASEAN countries participating in RCEP. Aside from the specific provisions that cover trade in goods and services, and investment, RCEP also includes chapters on new areas such as intellectual property, electronic commerce, competition, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), economic and technical cooperation and government procurement. These commitments will open a vast range of opportunities for businesses located in the region, facilitate smooth flow of goods, services and personnel, form unified regional economic and trading rules, improve the overall regional business environment, reduce enterprises’ trade costs and operating costs, and promote the optimal allocation of resources and rational distribution of industries within the region. At the same time, it will help provide more colorful, high-quality and less costly goods and services for people of all countries, and enhance their sense of gain and happiness.

In my view, the successful signing of RCEP marks a new leap towards the major economic and trade framework in the Asia-Pacific region. It is a major victory for multilateralism and free trade, and a major boost to regional and global economic recovery under the new normal of COVID-19 situation. The signing itself has given a strong shot in the arm to regional and global economic recovery, set an example on a global scale, and sent a powerful message to the world: in order to defeat COVID-19 and promote recovery, we must adhere to and rely on international cooperation. Once the RCEP enters info force, its dividends will be more visible and lasting. It will promote trade and investment growth and regional economic integration in the Asia-Pacific, strengthen stability and connectivity of regional industrial chains and supply chains, increase employment, and spur economic growth. It will show support to the open, inclusive and rule-based multilateral trading system, boost global economic confidence, and contribute to regional and global economic recovery and development.

The RCEP agreement is the most ambitious free trade agreement initiated by ASEAN, which contributes to enhancing ASEAN centrality in regional frameworks and strengthening ASEAN cooperation with regional partners including China. China appreciates and thanks ASEAN for its superb leadership and tremendous hard work in advancing the RCEP process. Before the RCEP, ASEAN and the other five parties have established 10+1 FTA respectively. With the great vision of achieving broader regional economic integration, ASEAN put forward the proposal to establish the RCEP. Over the past eight years, ASEAN has maintained its role as a leader, actively pushed forward the negotiation process, coordinated the positions of all parties, and ensured that the momentum of the negotiations was always sufficient. The ASEAN Secretariat has also provided excellent assistance along the way. It was ASEAN's centrality and enormous efforts that enabled so many countries to overcome their political, economic and cultural diversity and finally reach consensus. This agreement cannot come into being without ASEAN leadership.

China has always upheld ASEAN's centrality, given strong support to ASEAN, and played a positive and constructive role in the RCEP negotiations. Chinese President Xi Jinping called on all relevant parties to conclude the RCEP agreement at an early date at China International Import Expo (CIIE) and on other important occasions, and had in-depth exchanges of views with leaders of relevant countries on RCEP. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has attended the RCEP Summit for four consecutive years and expounded China's propositions and views on promoting the early conclusion of RCEP. China has participated in all ministerial-level negotiations and technical negotiations, hosted some of the meetings, and made active contributions in the spirit of promoting dialogue, cooperation and success. In the first half of this year, China has completed all substantive negotiations involving China, leading the way among the members and laying a solid foundation for the signing of the RCEP as scheduled.

The opportunities accruing from the RCEP Agreement and its full potential can only be realised once the Agreement enters into force. So the priority task for all parties is to ensure RCEP enters into force at an early date. As the next step, the 15 parties will fulfill domestic ratification procedures. When at least six ASEAN Member States and three non-ASEAN signatories deposit their instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with the Agreement’s Depositary, RCEP will enter into force.

As indicated in the Joint Leaders’ Statement, RCEP is an open and inclusive agreement. The Leaders highly value India’s role in RCEP as one original participating country and its strategic importance as a regional partner in creating deeper and expanded regional value chains. In this regard, they reiterate that the RCEP remains open to India and India’s accession to RCEP would be welcome.

In the future, as the potential of the RCEP continues to be unleashed, it may attract more countries to take part. This would be conducive to trade and investment liberalization and facilitation in a larger scope. I also hope that the RCEP, as a major pathway, will make an important contribution to the eventual realization of the Free Trade Area of Asia-Pacific (FTAAP).


来源:中国驻东盟使团